Diabetes is a condition that describes a group of metabolic diseases where an individual has a high level of blood sugar. This happens because of inadequate production of insulin or inability of body cells to respond to insulin. Usually, the patients with high blood sugar experience frequent urination hence becoming more thirsty and hungry. There is a number of conditions that cause diabetes.
Various conditions that cause diabetes
Cause of type 1
Type 1 diabetes occurs due to the inability of the body to produce insulin- a hormone that controls the amount of sugar in the blood. The insulin, which is secreted by the pancreas, helps to transfer glucose out of blood to the cells to be converted into energy. Also, genetic factors play a role in the development of type1. People who relatives members with Type 1 have a higher potential of developing the disease.
Causes of Type 2
This problem occurs as a result of the body’s inability to use insulin – a problem known as insulin resistance. The main causes of Type 2 include;
The risk of developing this disease increases with age. This is because they gain weight and have less exercise as they grow older. The study shows that people over 40 years old have higher risk of developing type 2.
The risks of developing type 2 are higher if you have a close family member with the condition. For instance, the child whose parent is diabetic will have 30 percent chance of developing type 2 diabetes.
Being obese or overweight
People with excess weight are more likely to develop this condition. The fat around your belly releases chemicals that hamper body’s metabolic and cardiovascular systems. The measure of the waist helps to access the risk of developing the disease. Women with 80 cm waist or higher, have higher chances of become type 2 diabetic. On the other hand, the risk of developed this condition increases with men having a waist size of 94 cm and above.
People from Chinese, South Asian, African, and African-Caribbean countries have a high likelihood of developing type 2. This condition is up to 6 times prevalent in South Asian countries that the UK and three times in African-Caribbean and African origin. Moreover, people from African-Caribbean and African origin have a higher risk of developing diabetes-related complications at the younger age.
Women with gestational diabetes during pregnancy with have a high risk of developing this condition in the future. Moreover, other conditions that cause diabetes are yet to be established.